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Alcohol Outlets and Community Levels of Interpersonal Violence: Spatial Density, Outlet Type, and Seriousness of Assault

NCJ Number
245819
Journal
Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency Volume: 50 Issue: 1 Dated: February 2013 Pages: 132-159
Author(s)
William Alex Pridemore; Tony H. Grubesic
Date Published
February 2013
Length
28 pages
Annotation
This study examined the association between alcohol outlets and violence.
Abstract
This study examined the association between alcohol outlets and violence. Employing Cincinnati block groups as units of analysis, the authors estimated spatially lagged regression models to determine if the variation in spatial density of alcohol outlets is related to the spatial density of simple and aggravated assaults. The authors estimated separate models for off-premise outlets, bars, and restaurants. The results revealed a positive and significant association between outlet density and assault density. This association held for simple and aggravated assaults and for total outlet density and the density of each type of outlet. Further tests showed the outlet-violence association to be stronger for off-premise outlets relative to bars and restaurants and for simple relative to aggravated assaults. Estimation of attributable fractions AFs showed that off-premise outlets may account for approximately one-quarter and one-third of simple and aggravated assaults, respectively. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.