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Correlates of Correctional Orientation in a Treatment-Oriented Prison: A Partial Test of PersonEnvironment Fit Theory

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice and Behavior Volume: 38 Issue: 5 Dated: May 2011 Pages: 453-470
Eric G. Lambert; Irshad Altheimer; Nancy L. Hogan; Shannon M. Barton-Bellessa
Date Published
May 2011
18 pages
This exploratory study examined several propositions of personenvironment fit theory in an adult midwestern correctional facility oriented toward treatment.
Special attention was given to the manner that personorganization fit influenced correctional staff outcomes. Drawing from the needsupply fit framework of personenvironment fit theory, the authors predicted that correctional staff whose values and objectives were congruent with those of the institution would experience better outcomes than staff whose values and objectives were not congruent. The results generally supported these propositions. Staff who supported punishment had higher levels of role stress and workfamily conflict, had lower levels of life satisfaction and moral commitment, and were more likely to perceive the organization as unfair. Conversely, correctional staff who were supportive of treatment perceived higher levels of integration and had higher moral commitment. These results suggest that efforts to increase value congruence between staff and the institution will improve outcomes among correctional staff. (Published Abstract)