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Cross-Cultural Validation of the Child Abuse Potential Inventory in Greece: A Preliminary Study

NCJ Number
Child Abuse & Neglect Volume: 21 Issue: 11 Dated: (November 1997) Pages: 1067-1079
S Diareme; J Tsiantis; S Tsitoura
Date Published
13 pages
This study examines the reliability and validity of a Greek translation of the Child Abuse Potential (CAP) Inventory and whether there were any differences between Greek and American scores in the Inventory.
The study recruited a convenience sample of 320 Greek parents from the outpatient unit of a large Children's Hospital in Athens, Greece, and compared Greek CAP Inventory scores with American scores taken from the test manual. Internal consistency reliability was high for the Abuse scale, two factor scales, and one Validity scale. The Greek version of the Abuse scale had a similar factorial structure with the American version. Also, 78.1 percent of Greek parents were classified correctly as nonabusive by the Abuse scale. This rate increased to 88.6 percent when invalid questionnaires were excluded from the sample. Greek scores were significantly higher than American scores in all but one scale. Greeks had significantly lower scores than Americans in the Problems with Child and Self scale. These findings are promising and support continuing research for development and validation of the Greek CAP Inventory. The difference between Greek and American scores in particular indicates the need for adjustment of cutoff scores in the Greek scale. Tables, figure, references