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Early Marriage, Rape, Child Prostitution, and Related Factors Determining the Psychosocial Effects Severity of Child Sexual Abuse in Ethiopia

NCJ Number
Journal of Child Sexual Abuse Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Dated: May - June 2011 Pages: 305-321
Yemataw Wondie; Workie Zemene; Konrad Reschke; Harry Schroder
Date Published
June 2011
17 pages
This study identified factors that determine the psychosocial effects severity of child sexual abuse.
Data were collected from 318 female children in Ethiopia using the Children's Impact of Traumatic Events Scale-Revised and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The results revealed that respondents who survived rape and child prostitution were more symptomatic than those who were married early. Respondents for whom less time had elapsed since their first experience of abuse demonstrated a significantly higher level of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms, negative reactions by others, self-blame, and guilt than those for whom more time had elapsed since such an experience. The respondents in an intact marital relationship were found to be less symptomatic than their never married and divorced counterparts. Implications for intervention and further investigations are discussed. (Published Abstract)