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Effective Responses to Offender Behavior: Lessons Learned from Probation and Parole Supervision

NCJ Number
Date Published
35 pages
This report highlights key principles for planning and implementing sanctions and incentives and improving probation and parole supervision processes.
This report provides effective strategies to keep probationers and parolees crime- and drug-free and curb their revocation rates. Findings show two key strategies that many agencies have begun to implement: the use of swift, certain, and proportionate sanctions to respond to violations, and the use of incentives to promote and reinforce compliance among probationers and parolees. This report explains how to effectively combine both sanctions and incentives in probation and parole supervision. Best tactics include consider legal and constitutional issues; apply proper ration of incentives to sanctions; collaborate with key stakeholders; develop structured response grids using key principles; and evaluate program fidelity and outcomes. Also included are a "Response Grid Template" and a "Data Collection Elements" list. References and appendixes