U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Individual, Social & Environmental Factors related to Staff Assaults

NCJ Number
Date Published
November 2012
17 pages
This report examines the individual, social and environmental factors that are associated with assaults perpetrated against custodial staff.
This report investigates risk factors associated with prisoner-on-staff assaults. Findings show that the most prevalent prisoner-on-staff assaults were reactive, with many assaults being acts of defiance, particularly to staff instruction. Results also suggest that a small number of prisoners are responsible for a large proportion of staff assaults; non-repeat staff assault perpetrators were more likely to commit spontaneous and reactive assaults. A significant overlap in the non-repeat staff assault perpetration population and prisoner-on-prisoner assault perpetration population was evident. The most significant risk factors for an assault perpetrator are having a short term of less than 12 months; having assaulted another prisoner; and possessing a history of self-harm while incarcerated. Tables, figures, and references