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Institutional Attachments and Self-Control: Understanding Deviance Among Hispanic Adolescents

NCJ Number
Journal of Criminal Justice Volume: 38 Issue: 4 Dated: July/August 2010 Pages: 666-674
Lorna L. Alvarez-Rivera; Kathleen A. Fox
Date Published
July 2010
9 pages
This study tested the ability of the general theory of crime and social control theory to account for self-reported deviance among a sample of 298 Puerto Rican high school students.
The following hypotheses were examined: (1) Low attachment levels (to parents, religion, school, and friends) will positively and significantly predict deviance; (2) Individuals with low levels of self-control will be more likely to report involvement in deivance; and (3) Low self-control will mediate the relationship between attachments (parents, religion, school, and friends) and deviance. Results indicated support for social control theory and did not support the general theory of crime. Self-control was not significantly predictive of deviance; whereas many of the institutional attachment variables were important predictors of deviance among Hispanic high school students (attachment to parents, school, and friends). Theoretical and policy implications of the findings supportive of social control theory are discussed. (Published Abstract)