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Long-Term Outcomes for the Promoting CARE Suicide Prevention Program

NCJ Number
American Journal of Health Behavior Volume: 34 Issue: 6 Dated: 2010 Pages: 721-736
Carole Hooven; Jerald R. Herting; Karen A. Snedker
Date Published
16 pages
This study conducted a long-term assessment of suicide risk from adolescence to young adulthood for former participants in Promoting CARE, a suicide prevention program.
A total of 593 suicide-vulnerable high school youth were involved in this long-term follow-up study. Latent class growth models identified patterns of change in suicide risk over this period. Three distinct trajectories were identified, all showing a maintenance of decreased suicide risk from post-intervention in adolescence into young adulthood, based on an analysis for direct suicide-risk behaviors, depression, and anger. Intervention conditions and key risk/protective factors were identified for the prediction of long-term trajectories. The overall conclusion of this study is that early intervention is successful in promoting and maintaining lower-risk for suicide from adolescence to young adulthood, with the caveat that some high-risk behaviors may indicate a need for additional intervention to recover earlier effects. 2 figures (publisher abstract modified)