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Money Laundering Statutes and Related Materials

NCJ Number
Date Published
May 2006
121 pages
This report contains a listing of money laundering statutes prepared by the U.S. Department of Justice, Criminal Division, as well as statutes amended by the USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act.
Comprehensive money laundering statutes are presented under Title 18 which include: civil forfeiture, criminal forfeiture, general rules for civil forfeiture proceedings (CAFRA), civil forfeiture of fungible property, subpoenas for bank records, laundering of monetary instruments, prohibition of unlicensed money transmitting businesses, providing material support to terrorists, and prohibitions against the financing of terrorism; under Title 21, statutes include: criminal forfeitures; under Title 26, statutes include: returns relating to cash received in trade or business; under Title 31, statutes include: reports on domestic coins and currency transaction, reports on exporting and importing monetary instruments, search and forfeiture of monetary instruments, compliance, exemptions, and summons authority, civil penalties, criminal penalties, structuring transactions involving financial institutions to evade reporting requirement prohibited, and bulk cash smuggling into or out of the United States; under 31 C.F.R. Part 103 on Financial Recordkeeping and Reporting of Currency and Foreign Transactions, statutes include: reports by banks of suspicious transactions, reports by money services businesses of suspicious transactions, reports by casinos of suspicious transactions, reports of transactions in currency, reports of transportation of currency or monetary instruments, reports of foreign financial accounts, purchases of bank checks and drafts, cashier’s checks, money order and traveler’s checks, reports relating to currency in excess of $10,000 received in trade or business, records to be made and retained by financial institutions, and registration of money services businesses. In addition, a Specified Unlawful Activity Table lists all of those violations of Federal and State or foreign law identified as “specified unlawful activity” under 18 U.S.C. 1956©(7).