U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Nano-Trace: A Marking Tool for Movable Objects of Cultural or Industrial Value

NCJ Number
Internal Security Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Dated: January - June 2011 Pages: 29-48
Max Schvoerer; Celine Ollagnier; Claude Ney; Stephen Dubernet; Pierre Selva; Nadine Colmant de Kock; Philippe Speeckaert; Cilia Enza; Jean-Pierre Massue; Edouard Aubert
Date Published
20 pages
This paper proposes a preventive measure based on the physical properties of materials and nanotechnology.
The patient is a modern society. Material objects of cultural or industrial value are the threatened organs. The Threat is theft, robbery, piracy, counterfeit and their unavoidable consequences - import, export and other illegal transfer of property. Is this really serious, Doctor? Unfortunately, the answer is "Yes!" In relation to the illegal trade in cultural assets, ICOM (International Council of Museums), an international institution engaged in various preventive activities, ascertains that "illicit traffic in cultural goods ranks third in the listing of criminal activities worldwide, following drug and arms trafficking." This paper is deliberately insufficient: although it is focused on the protection of cultural assets, but it also relates directly to the assets of industrial value. In essence, it proposes a preventive measure based on the physical properties of materials and nanotechnology. The method proposed in this paper is called nano-trace and is used to support activities of various international institutions - UN, UNESCO, Council of Europe, EU, European Commission, Interpol, and paper would add PACT Association - that, like ICOM, are constantly seeking the best response to the above presented key problem. Like all new scientific methods and technologies it can be improved. Deliberations in this paper, however, are aimed primarily at broadening the agenda. (Published Abstract)