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Neighborhood Structures and Crime: A Spatial Analysis

NCJ Number
George Kikuchi
Date Published
212 pages
This book examines how neighborhood spatial and temporal dynamics influence crime rates.
This book explores longitudinal changes in neighborhood characteristics and crime; spatially heterogeneous associations between neighborhood characteristics and crime; and criminal offenders' target selection. Chapter 1 provides an introduction on theoretical foundations which enable subsequent chapters to detail a particular problem and provide statistical analyses. Chapter 2 presents a longitudinal analysis of crime at the neighborhood level using data from 1960 to 2005. Chapter 3 examines two types of spatial effects, spatial dependency and spatial heterogeneity, to discuss spatially heterogeneous associations between neighborhood characteristics and crime. Chapter 4 examines the combined data on neighborhood characteristics and criminal offenders' travel patterns. Based upon empirical analyses from chapters 2 to 4, chapter 5 summarizes the results and discusses both the theoretical importance of the findings and policy implications. Tables, figures, appendixes, and references


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