U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Neighborhood Violent Crime and Academic Performance: A Geospatial Analysis

NCJ Number
American Journal of Community Psychology Volume: 65 Issue: 3-4 Dated: 2020
Paul Boxer; Grant Drawve; Joel M. Caplan
Date Published
10 pages
This study applied geospatial analysis to examine the link between neighborhood violent crime (via police reports) and academic performance (via school-level standardized test proficiency rates).
For decades, empirical studies have confirmed that experiences with violence are associated with a variety of adverse behavioral and mental health issues, as well as academic outcomes for children and adolescents; however, this research has largely relied on indirect measures of exposure. The current study examined whether violent crime in geographic areas in which schools are located affected students' academic performance. The findings suggest that greater numbers of crimes proximal to school buildings were related to lower levels of academic performance. These results persisted even when controlling for economic disadvantage in the student body. Implications for research and policy are discussed. (publisher abstract modified)