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Office for the Protection of the Constitution: Annual Report 1994

NCJ Number
Date Published
89 pages
This annual report informs the German public concerning subversive activities from both German and foreign political extremists and intelligence operations by foreign countries.
The threat of left-wing extremists continued through 1994. Its representatives include members of the former Red Army Faction, a small but steady contingent of Marxist-Leninists, and anarchists who profess to fight fascism/racism and declare their solidarity with the Kurdish fight for independence. At the same time, violent offenses from the extreme right continued. Although membership in right-wing organizations decreased by 7,900 persons, the Neonazis gained approximately 1,300 sympathizers. The largest right-wing juvenile organization, "Viking Youth," was banned in 1994. The numbers of offenses committed by foreign extremists continued to rise in 1994 and resulted in five deaths. These organizations include the (banned) Workers Party of Kurdistan, leftist organizations from Turkey, muslim extremists, and ethnic groups from the former Yugoslavia. Intelligence activities against Germany were committed by both opponents and partner countries; they focused on politics, industry/science, military, as well as on the activities of foreign extremists residing in Germany.