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Peace and Order as Part of National Development

NCJ Number
70795
Journal
Criminal Justice Journal Volume: 1 Issue: 1 Dated: (1980) Pages: 32-38
Author(s)
E A Ocampo
Date Published
1980
Length
7 pages
Annotation
The National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) should coordinate peace and order plans into the national development plans in the Philippines.
Abstract
The concept of the restoration of peace and order (which is the first of the 10 objectives in the Philippine socioeconomic reform) has a narrow meaning when it is applied only to the maintenance of order and law enforcement. Implementation of this objective should be mainly based on two other, broader meanings: the outcome of the criminal justice system, and the result of the interaction of many variables within a given culture. This means that peace and order while being considered as a sector should be analyzed crossectorially because it impinges on all sectors of the economy and is concerned with the general development of society. Furthermore, some peace and order policies can actually be criminogenic if implemented without regard for the total environment. For example, education may increase crime if there is no job market to absorb the educated persons. Therefore, the NEDA should coordinate various peace and order plans and integrate them into the national development plan together with the other sectors of the economy. Specific approaches should include research on concerns of policy science, emphasis on behavior study rather than on individual offenders, a unified information system and communication among sectors of the economy and the peace and order sector. The United Nations statistics on resources allocated to attain peace and order in various parts of the world are included.