Internal Security Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Dated: 2010 Pages: 65-74
This article discusses the definition of a terrorist act as established by the Polish legislature, as well as the legal reasoning for fighting terrorism in the European Union.
Terrorism is considered to be one of the biggest threats not only to local, but also to worldwide security. The article presents legal basis for fighting terrorism in the European Union as wells as the definition of a terrorist act in the Polish legislation. Compared to the police system of physical combatting terrorism in Poland, the most essential element of which is the Anti-terrorist Operation Office at the National Police Headquarters, cooperation between the European Union Member States in this area is presented. The author describes the history, aims, possibilities and particular stages of the cooperation within the ATLAS group. Its members are the leaders of all central anti-terrorist units of the Union states. It also shows legal regulations which facilitate cooperation of the European Union police special units. In this context, it presents legal possibilities for Polish police officers to take part in missions abroad and the assumptions which make it possible to adjust the Polish law to the Union regulations. Cooperating among anti-terrorist units, which is discussed in this article, includes training cooperation and information exchange, as well as assistance in solving a crisis situation in one of the Member States. It is an important instrument used to strengthen the security of the united Europe. (Published Abstract)