U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Purity and Danger: Policing the Italian Neo-Fascist Football UltraS

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice Studies Volume: 23 Issue: 3 Dated: September 2010 Pages: 219-237
Alberto Testa; Gary Armstrong
Date Published
September 2010
19 pages
This study examined the Italian neo-fascist football UltraS ideology and culture and the institutions the UltraS identifies as their enemies, the Italian State and the police.
The rise of the Far Right in Europe over the past decade has attracted the attention of both academics and police. Popular sports tend to reflect societal trends so it is not bizarre that a popular European cultural practice such as football has seen a rise in supporters with neo-fascist sympathies. Football (soccer in the USA), specifically in Italy, has been linked since the beginning to politics and its stadiums have always been one of the most efficient public Agoraacute for the socialization of the Italian youth. In recent years, together with an ideologization of the football terraces, there has been a noticeable increase in conflict between hardcore football supporters and the Italian police at and around the stadium. These conflicts often involve the UltraS as the main participants. The final capital S identifies neo-fascist-oriented fans, distinguishing them from mainstream hardcore football supporters, known as ultraacute. This paper is the result of ethnographic research lasting 6 years (2003-2009). The research aimed to investigate the world of the UltraS by using two notorious national and international UltraS as case study. The groups, the Boys and the Irriducibili, support AS Roma and SS Lazio, respectively. Both are located in the Italian capital city of Rome. The present paper aims to investigate the relationship between the neo-fascist UltraS and the institutions that they identify as their enemies, namely, the Italian State and the police. (Published Abstract) Tables, notes, and references