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Rearrest Rates After Incarceration for DWI: A Comparative Study in a Southwestern U.S. County

NCJ Number
American Journal of Public Health Volume: 92 Issue: 11 Dated: November 2002 Pages: 1826-1831
Stephen J. Kunitz; W. Gill Woodall; Hongwei Zhao; Denise R. Wheeler; Robert Lillis; Everett Rogers
Date Published
November 2002
6 pages
This study assessed a 28-day detention and treatment program's effect on first-time offenders sentenced for driving while impaired (DWI) in a multiethnic county with high rates of alcohol-related arrests and crashes.
The study compared baseline characteristics, survival curves of subsequent arrest, and Cox proportional hazards regression to examine probability of rearrest for those sentenced and those not sentenced to the program. The probability of not being rearrested was found to be significantly higher for the treatment group after adjustment for covariates. After 5 years, the probability of not being rearrested for the treatment compared to the nontreatment group was 76.6 percent compared to 59.9 percent. The overall conclusion is that this county's program has significantly lowered DWI rearrest rates for Native Americans, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic Whites. (publisher abstract modified)