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Session 3: Comparative Study of the Administration of Juvenile Justice Systems in Some Countries of Asia, Africa, Oceania and South America (From UNAFEI Report for 1993 and Resource Material Series No. 45, P 261-320, 1994, See NCJ-155489)

NCJ Number
A D Vaca; A K M Shamsuddin
Date Published
60 pages
This report on the administration of the juvenile justice systems in 13 countries describes the basic structure of the various systems and traces juvenile case processing; the juvenile justice systems are assessed by using the United Nations Beijing Rules, which specify standards for juvenile justice systems.
The 13 countries studied are Bangladesh, Bolivia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Japan, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. In addition to examining the basic structure of juvenile justice in each country, juvenile case processing is traced from the allegation to the final stages of case disposition and rehabilitation. The evaluation and analysis notes that only Nepal does not yet have a juvenile justice system. The other 12 countries have specific legislation and ordinances that regulate the administration of juvenile justice. In spite of the constraints that some countries face in the implementation of the Beijing Rules for the administration of juvenile justice, the basic features of their legislation and administration of juvenile justice systems reflect concern for the rights of juvenile offenders as well as their treatment and rehabilitation. All of the countries have complied substantially with the Beijing Rules; however, additional support should be provided by the United Nations to those countries that could not implement the guidelines because of the lack of funds and specialized personnel. Appended organizational charts for the juvenile justice systems of the 13 countries