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Toward a Gendered Second Generation CPTED for Preventing Woman Abuse in Rural Communities

NCJ Number
Security Journal Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Dated: July 2009 Pages: 178-189
Walter S. DeKeseredy; Joseph F. Donnermeyer; Martin D. Schwartz
Date Published
July 2009
12 pages
This paper discusses and proposes a framework for the development of a gendered Second Generation Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) to improve the security of rural women.
Second Generation Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is about developing and improving forms of defensible space through engaging in community level activities that create forms of locality-based discourses concerning norms, beliefs, and values about various security issues which can function to deter potential offenders. This paper focuses on rural communities and the idea that rural patriarchy, as a form of collective efficacy, may be diminished and even eliminated through appropriate activities that strengthen other forms of collective efficacy which enhance the security of rural women and deter abusive/violent behavior by rural men. The objective of this paper is to discuss how key principles of Second Generation CPTED can be applied to help design appropriate community-based prevention strategies for improving the security of women living in rural places from abuse by spouses and partners. Building from the conceptual framework of a gendered Second Generation CPTED, four interrelated strategies are considered in combating violence against women and improving their security, specifically, community culture, connectivity and pro-feminist masculinity, community threshold, and social cohesion. Notes and references