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Trafficking for Forced Labour and Labour Exploitation in Finland, Poland and Estonia

NCJ Number
Anniina Jokinen, Natalia Ollus, Kauko Aromaa
Date Published
346 pages
This publication presents findings from a project that examines trafficking for forced labor and labor exploitation in Finland, Poland, and Estonia.
The publication applies a broad empirical approach to examining the issue of trafficking in forced labor and labor exploitation. Data were obtained from the event level and from multiple information sources, rather than from administrative information sources, which the editors believe are ineffective in capturing data on trafficking in forced labor. The report is presented in five sections. The first section presents an overview of the problem of trafficking for forced labor and labor exploitation. It includes a brief discussion on key international instruments that deal with the problem of trafficking in human beings and forced labor, and identifies the definition of forced labor recognized by the international community: "forced or compulsory labor shall mean all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily." The next three sections discuss the problem of trafficking for forced labor in Finland, Poland, and Estonia. Each country report is different and addresses the trafficking problem from the country's own, national perspective. References