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School Safety

Special Feature
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Violence

Featured Resource

School Safety: By the Numbers

Published in November 2017, this resource draws from NIJ's Summary of School Safety Statistics report developed as a part of the Comprehensive School Safety Initiative. Included is data on school crime rates, shootings and other violence, school security measures, and more, with trends over time provided.

Publications

Indicators of School Crime and Safety
Bureau of Justice Statistics, Annual Report

Protecting America's Schools: A U.S. Secret Service Analysis of Targeted School Violence
U.S. Secret Service, December 2019

Sharing Ideas & Resources to Keep Our Nation's Schools Safe! (Volume VII)
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, July 2019

Making Schools Safe for Students
National Institute of Justice, June 2019

Gangs in Schools
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, March 2019

Effects of the Second Step Program in Middle School on Violence, Victimization, and Substance Use in High School
National Institute of Justice, April 2019

Responding to Gangs in Schools: A Collaborative Approach to School Safety
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, March 2019

Final Report of the Federal Commission on School Safety
Federal Commission on School Safety, December 2018

Enhancing School Safety Using a Threat Assessment Model: An Operational Guide for Preventing Targeted School Violence
U.S. Secret Service, July 2018

Creating and Sustaining a Positive and Communal School Climate: Contemporary Research, Present Obstacles, and Future Directions
National Institute of Justice, February 2018

School Safety Policies and Programs Administered by the U.S. Federal Government: 1990-2016
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, August 2017

States' Roles in Keeping Schools Safe: Opportunities and Challenges for State School Safety Centers and Other Actors
National Institute of Justice, July 2017

Development of a Standard Model for School Climate and Safety Assessment
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, May 2017

Making Prevention a Reality: Identifying, Assessing, and Managing the Threat of Targeted Attacks
Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2017

Model Programs Guide Literature Review: Gun Violence and Youth
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, December 2016

Understanding School Violence
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, August 2016

Trends in the Prevalence of Behaviors that Contribute to Violence on School Property – National YRBS: 1991—2015
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, May 2016

Student-Parent Reunification after a School Crisis
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, August 2014

Federal Agencies Can Better Support State Efforts to Prevent and Respond to Sexual Abuse by School Personnel
U.S. Government Accountability Office, January 2014

Technology, Teen Dating Violence and Abuse, and Bullying
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, July 2013

Shifting Boundaries: Final Report on an Experimental Evaluation of a Youth Dating Violence Prevention Program in New York City Middle Schools
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, October 2011

Peer-to-Peer Violence and Bullying: Examining the Federal Response
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, September 2011

Bomb Threats in Schools
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, August 2011

Shifting Boundaries: Lessons on Relationships for Students in Middle School
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, December 2010

Responding to Gangs in the School Setting
Bureau of Justice Assistance- and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, November 2010

Guide for Preventing and Responding to School Violence (2nd Edition)
Bureau of Justice Assistance-Sponsored, September 2009

Preventing, Preparing for Critical Incidents in Schools
National Institute of Justice, March 2009

Related Resources

Averted School Violence Near Miss Reporting System
Developed by the Police Foundation with funding support from the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, this resource provides law enforcement officers, school personnel, and mental health professionals with the ability to share "close calls" in order to improve school safety and prevent tragedies.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): School Violence
This section of the CDC site provides access to information and resources on school violence, including data, risk and protective factor information, and prevention materials.

CrimeSolutions
The National Institute of Justice's CrimeSolutions website provides ratings of programs and practices, including programs that relate to school safety, to help determine what works, what doesn't, and what's promising.

Federal Commission on School Safety
Led by the U.S. Secretary of Education, the Federal Commission on School Safety is charged with providing meaningful and actionable recommendations to keep students safe at school.

National Institute of Justice (NIJ): School Crime and Safety
This section of the NIJ site provides access to NIJ research, resources, and initiatives related to school safety, including the Comprehensive School Safety Initiative.

National Resource Center on School-Justice Partnerships (NRC-SJP)
With funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges created the NRC-SJP to serve as a one-stop-shop for jurisdictions seeking training and technical assistance to support implementation and sustainability of multidisciplinary initiatives to achieve positive school discipline reforms and reduce the school to juvenile justice pathway.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)
OJJDP provides national leadership, coordination, and resources to prevent and respond to juvenile delinquency and victimization.

SchoolSafe App
Developed by the National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center and available to vetted criminal justice professionals and school administrators, the SchoolSafe app provides for a means to conduct a physical assessment of a school campus (inside and out) to address potential trouble spots.

Striving To Reduce Youth Violence Everywhere (STRYVE)
STRYVE is a national initiative led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to prevent youth violence before it starts among young people ages 10 to 24.

U.S. Department of Education: Federal Commission on School Safety
This site provides information about efforts aimed at ensuring that schools remain sanctuaries for teaching and learning, free of crime and violence.

Youth Violence Special Feature
This NCJRS Special Feature contains information and resources that focus on different forms of youth violence and prevention efforts aimed at addressing such violence.