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Crucible of Conflict: Third Generation Gang Studies Revisited

NCJ Number
Journal of Gang Research Volume: 19 Issue: 4 Dated: Summer 2012 Pages: 1-20
John P. Sullivan; Robert J. Bunker
Date Published
20 pages
This article examines the possibility for high intensity gang violence to challenge state structures and pose a threat to the stability of the country.
This essay briefly recounts the evolution of the gangs that occupy failed communities and States, further discusses and updates the model of third generation street gangs discussed in an earlier Journal of Gang Research article - typically described simply as third generation gangs (3 GEN Gangs), and suggests strategies for coping with and mitigating this evolved form of gang violence. Of note is the lack of impact 3 GEN Gangs studies have had on domestically focused U.S. academic gang research while, at the same time, becoming a dominant model in use by defense analysts and scholars focusing on increasingly politicized non-State threat groups including heavily armed Latin American gang. (Published Abstract)