U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Integrative Contextual Developmental Model of Male Stalking

NCJ Number
Violence and Victims Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Dated: Winter 2000 Pages: 373-388
Jacquelyn White; Robin M. Kowalski; Amy Lyndon; Sherri Valentine
Roland D. Maiuro Ph.D.
Date Published
16 pages
This report analyzes the current theories of stalking in terms of the integrative contextual developmental model.
This report evaluates current research and theory on stalking as a form of male violence against women. The integrative contextual developmental model suggests that stalking is best understood from a multi-faceted perspective, with variables identifiable at several levels: sociocultural, interpersonal, dyadic, situational and intrapersonal. The model serves as a framework for identifying gaps in current research and theory. The analysis shows that current theories of stalking are in their infancy stage and have yet to examine multiple sources of influence acting on the stalker. The integrative contextual developmental model encourages one to look at multiple sources of influence on stalking at various levels and is cautious to focus on only one level of analysis. The model provides conceptual and empirical guidance, as well as a meta-theoretical framework for developing substantive hypotheses concerning the development of risk factors for stalking, its initiation, maintenance, and cessation. References