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IMPACT OF SHOCK INCARCERATION ON TECHNICAL VIOLATIONS AND NEW CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES

NCJ Number
145657
Journal
Justice Quarterly Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Dated: (September 1993) Pages: 463- 487
Author(s)
D L Mackenzie; J W Shaw
Date Published
1993
Length
25 pages
Annotation
This research examined the behavior of shock incarceration releasees in Louisiana during 2 years of community supervision and compared their performance with that of similar offenders serving time on probation or parole.
Abstract
Five groups of subjects were evaluated in the study: 102 old shock, 117 new shock, 72 dropouts from old shock, 143 parolees, and 108 probationers. Using survival analysis, differences between subject groups were explored in terms of technical and new crime arrests, technical and new crime revocations, and new criminal convictions. In general, shock offenders had higher rates of technical arrests and revocations than parolees and probationers, lower rates of new convictions, and lower arrest and revocation rates for new crimes. No differences in performance were found between shock graduates and dropouts. Possible reasons for the differences in recidivism among groups are discussed. A description of Louisiana's shock incarceration program, referred to as IMPACT (Intensive Motivational Program of Alternative Correctional Treatment), is appended. 13 references, 6 footnotes, 7 tables, and 5 figures

Date Published: January 1, 1993