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The California School Safety Study: School and Community Contexts that Contribute to Root Causes and Prevention of Violence in California

NCJ Number
Date Published
September 2023
52 pages

This study examines the context, causes, and prevention of school violence in California.


This report presents preliminary final analyses of ReSOLV, a longitudinal research study funded by the National Institute of Justice under the Comprehensive School Safety Initiative and undertaken by American Institutes for Research (AIR), in partnership with Arizona State University (ASU), Dawn Chorus, and an interdisciplinary Council of Advisors (COA). The researchers use a multi-site independent case study design over a nine-year period (2014-2022) to examine the association of school safety and student outcomes with school and community risk and protective factors, as well as readiness for violence prevention and safety promotion reform among students, parents, schools, and communities in three contextually distinct school districts and communities in California. This report is complemented at the end of the study by many artifacts including a public-facing full technical report of final results and actionable steps to utilize research findings to inform policy and practice.

Date Published: September 1, 2023