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"Acting 'Straight": Socio-Behavioral Consequences of Anti-Queer Hate Crime Victimization

NCJ Number
Justice Quarterly Volume: 39 Issue: 5 Dated: 2022 Pages: 1036-1058
Besiki Luka Kutateladze
Date Published
23 pages

This research examined the impact of hate crime victimization on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) Latine populations. 


Research on the consequences of hate crime victimization primarily focuses on adverse health and economic effects with limited attention devoted to the socio-behavioral impact of crime. Informed by Intersectionality Theory (Crenshaw, 1989) and relying on 400 in-person structured interviews with LGBTQ Latine immigrant victims of crime in Miami, this research finds that 23% of victims had to change housing, 13% began avoiding queer venues/friends, and 35% started acting stereotypically “straight” because of the crime. New immigrant victims were more likely to experience forced relocation due to crime. Victims were more likely to adopt heteronormative behavior/appearance as a result of victimization if they were non-Cuban-American, had higher income, and were more closeted. Findings suggest that coming out can be an important crime control strategy. The paper concludes with a discussion about the benefits and limitations of adopting the intersectionality perspective in quantitative research, and three-stage venue-based sampling used to recruit participants.