The main duties of the correctional officer are listed as managing and communicating with inmates; intervening in crises and managing conflicts; maintaining health, safety, and sanitation; communicating with staff; participating in training; and distributing authorized items to inmates. Correctional officer traits and attitudes include being professional, dependable, consistent, fair, emotionally stable, empathic, ethical, flexible, punctual, self-motivated, cooperative, sincere, optimistic, and perceptive. Knowledge encompasses the laws of the jurisdiction, policies and procedures, agency mission, ethnic diversity, and stress management. Skills encompass written communication, nonverbal communication, the use of equipment/tools, first aid, leadership, and management. The table on correctional officer training components contains information on items related to costs, program, and recruitment; the table on training programs addresses pre-service length of training period, screening before/after training, domestic violence screening, firearm proficiency training, minimum passing grade, required hours for the first year in service, yearly in-service hours available, and in-service training on or off site. The table on training courses shows the number of courses for each State on each of 23 subjects.