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High Times for Hate Crimes: Explaining the Temporal Clustering of Hate-Motivated Offending

NCJ Number
Criminology Volume: 51 Issue: 4 Dated: November 2013 Pages: 871-894
Ryan D. King; Gretchen M. Sutton
Date Published
November 2013
24 pages
This research explains the temporal clustering of hate crimes.
It is hypothesized that many hate crimes are retaliatory in nature and tend to increase, sometimes dramatically, in the aftermath of an antecedent event that results in one group harboring a grievance against another. Three types of events are used to test and refine the argument: 1) contentious criminal trials involving interracial crimes, 2) lethal terrorist attacks, and 3) appellate court decisions concerning same-sex marriage. The results from time-series analyses indicate that contentious trial verdicts and lethal domestic terrorist attacks precede spikes in racially or religiously motivated hate crimes, whereas less evidence is found for antigay hate crimes after appellate court rulings that grant rights to same-sex partners. The model put forth in this article complements prior work by explaining in part the timing of hate crime clusters. (Published Abstract)