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NIJ Journal Issue No. 277

NCJ Number
NIJ Journal Issue: 277 Dated: September 2016 Pages: 1-48
Jolene Hernon
Date Published
September 2016
48 pages
Articles in this issue address the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy in criminal justice, collective efficacy in neighborhood improvement, NIJ's revised bomb suit equipment standard, the prevalence of sexual assault on U.S. campuses, a period of transformation in forensic science, and violence against American-Indian and Alaska-Native women and men.
"Does Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Work in Criminal Justice? A New Analysis From CrimeSolutions.gov" reports on a study that found cognitive behavioral therapy has different outcomes according to behaviors targeted, a given setting, offender characteristics, and type of cognitive behavioral therapy used. "Collective Efficacy: Taking Action to Improve Neighborhoods" offers policy recommendations to assist neighbors in cooperating to reduce crime and and improve the social and environmental conditions of neighborhoods. "NIJ Issues a Revised Bomb Suit Equipment Standard" reports on a revised standard for bomb suits based on revised test methods and requirements. "How Prevalent Is Campus Sexual Assault in the United States?" reviews relevant research from the last 15 years and concludes that although prevalence rates vary, they all show that a substantial number of college students are sexually assaulted. "Forensic Science: A Time of Transformation" discusses the renewed attention to including a measure of degree of certainty in evidentiary conclusions presented by forensic experts in courtroom testimony. "Violence Against American Indian and Alaska Native Women and Men" presents findings from a NIJ-funded study that shows American-Indian and Alaska-Native women and men experience violent victimization at significantly higher rates than White Americans. Brief summaries are provided of publications related to NIJ's work.