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Toward Equity: A Training Curriculum for Understanding Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Gender Expression, and Developing Competency to Serve Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth in the Juvenile Justice System

NCJ Number
Sarah Bergen; Linn Chiu; Tim Curry; Christina Gilbert; Carolyn Reyes; Shannan Wiber
Date Published
May 2015
185 pages

This training curriculum instructs juvenile justice policymakers and practitioners in issues related to the management and treatment of youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT).


LGBT youth are disproportionately represented in the juvenile justice system, and they are primarily charged with status offenses or other nonviolent crime. There is also evidence that LGBT youth are subjected to disproportionately harsh detention decisions. This training curriculum provides comprehensive interactive training lessons designed to increase students' knowledge about sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression (SOGIE), as well as proficiency in the use of tools and resources that can assist in working with LGBT youth in the juvenile justice system. Each of the six lessons that compose the curriculum have the same structure, and each lesson builds upon the previous lessons. The concepts are delivered in a logical and systematic sequence. Training organizers may also use individual lessons as their needs dictate. The six lessons are entitled, "Understanding Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Gender Expression;" "Dismantling Bias and Fostering Equity," "Enhancing Communication and Building Trust With LGBT Youth;" "Reducing Risk and Promoting Protection;" "Ensuring Safety and Equity in Secure Settings;" and "Respecting and Supporting Transgender Youth." A Trainer's Guide and a SOGIE Glossary are provided.